Creating films in the organized “Studio” production facilities is a tradition that reaches first years of film. Seeing the benefits of centralized film creation, with all necessary facilities, crew and services present in one spot, film studios begun appearing all around the world, enabling creation of countless films that entertained people more and more with each passing year.
First film studio was created by Thomas Edison in 1893. Consisting from one simple room and rudimentary camera equipment, Edison managed to create many films there and sell them to nearby traveling theaters, museums, penny arcades, and fairgrounds. First real studio was founded in 1909 by theatrical impresario Edwin Thanhouser in New York, with film output of 1086 movies between 1910 and 1917. However, it was not easy to film movies in NY. Electricity was weak for powerful filming lights, and sun was often covered with clouds and bad weather. Because of this (and Tomas Edison’s filming tax that everybody had to pay), filmmakers started moving their business to California.
First studio in Hollywood was Nestor Studios, opened in 1911. During same year, another 15 studios came to Los Angeles and started creating films. Quickly, business practices of few individuals managed to create clear structure of Hollywood studios. Rich “Big 5” studios controlled majority of film production in United States, with all of them controlling every step of film production and owning their own theaters where they could fully control prices and marketing. Those Big 5 studios were Paramount Pictures, RKO Pictures, MGM, 20th Century Fox and Warner Bros. (which became famous after they produced first “talkie” film The Jazz Singer in 1927). Other famous studios in Hollywood were “The Little 3” - Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and United Artists. Several small studios also worked in that early time period of film, but they were eventually purchased or stopped doing business (Republic Pictures, Monogram Pictures, and others).
Today’s landscape of films studio market share in the United States is as follows (2012 data):
Famous filming locations can be found all over the world, with studios taking advantage from infrastructures that are built around those locations and local population earning money from constantly present film crews. Here are some of the most famous filming locations from all around the world: