First Film Studio and Filming Location
Creating films in the organized “Studio” production facilities is a tradition that reaches first years of film. Seeing the benefits of centralized film
creation, with all necessary facilities, crew and services present in one spot, film studios begun appearing all around the world, enabling creation of
countless films that entertained people more and more with each passing year.
First film studio was created by Thomas Edison in 1893. Consisting from one simple room and rudimentary camera equipment, Edison managed to create many
films there and sell them to nearby traveling theaters, museums, penny arcades, and fairgrounds. First real studio was founded in 1909 by theatrical
impresario Edwin Thanhouser in New York, with film output of 1086 movies between 1910 and 1917. However, it was not easy to film movies in NY. Electricity
was weak for powerful filming lights, and sun was often covered with clouds and bad weather. Because of this (and Tomas Edison’s filming tax that everybody
had to pay), filmmakers started moving their business to California.
First studio in Hollywood was Nestor Studios, opened in 1911. During same year, another 15 studios came to Los Angeles and started creating films. Quickly,
business practices of few individuals managed to create clear structure of Hollywood studios. Rich “Big 5” studios controlled majority of film production
in United States, with all of them controlling every step of film production and owning their own theaters where they could fully control prices and
marketing. Those Big 5 studios were Paramount Pictures, RKO Pictures, MGM, 20th Century Fox and Warner Bros. (which became famous after they produced first
“talkie” film The Jazz Singer in 1927). Other famous studios in Hollywood were “The Little 3” - Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and United Artists.
Several small studios also worked in that early time period of film, but they were eventually purchased or stopped doing business (Republic Pictures,
Monogram Pictures, and others).
Today’s landscape of films studio market share in the United States is as follows (2012 data):
17 % Columbia Pictures (owned by Sony)
15.4% Warner Bros. Pictures (owned by Time Warner)
14.3% Walt Disney Pictures (owned by The Walt Disney Company)
13.6% Universal Pictures (owned by Comcast and NBC Universal)
10.6% 20th Century Fox (owned by 21st Century Fox)
8.5% Owned by Paramount Pictures
Famous filming locations can be found all over the world, with studios taking advantage from infrastructures that are built around those locations and local population earning money from constantly present film crews. Here are some of the most famous filming locations from all around the world:
Wilmington, N.C. – Often called “Hollywood East”, it hosted over 300 movies and TV shows.
Woodstock, Ill. – Gorgeous US town of 25,000 that hosted many films over the last few decades, including "Groundhog Day".
Vancouver, British Columbia – Often called “Hollywood North”
Hatfield House – 17th century royal house form England that was used for many films, such as Tim Burton Batman movies, Lara Croft, Batman Begins,
Highlander, V for Vendetta, Shakespeare in Love and many others.
The Bradbury Building, Los Angeles – used by many films and TV shows. Most famously it was depicted in a dark vision of the future in Ridkly Scott’s Blade
Runner. It was also used in (500) Days of Summer, The Artist, Lethal Weapon 4, Chinatown, Wolf, Quantum Leap
Greystone Mansion, Beverly Hills – Used in more than 100 Hollywood films and TV shows - The Big Lebowski, There Will Be Blood, Sam Raimi's Spider-Man
movies, X-Men, The Social Network, The Prestige, Ghostbusters II and others.
Monument Valley – Awesome desert formations in Arizona and Utah has been used in countless Hollywood projects, from old western to modern hits. It was
popularized in John Wayne films Stagecoach and The Searchers, and was used frequently in the last few decades in Back to the Future Part III, 2001: A Space
Odyssey, Forrest Gump, Mission: Impossible II, Lone Ranger, …